- Zoom in, as an invitation to reduce scale and take care of local conditions and acknowledge local initiators.
- Supervise open developments, as an invitation to understand changing factors as the most permanent feature of urban projects and the need for adaptative approaches in the process.
- Create collective values, as an invitation to introduce social needs and community benefits in the core of urban development strategies.
- Be user-oriented, as an invitation to broaden the scope of participatory tools and creative co-operation.
These principles act as a manifesto for an urban design framework to link the urban realm to its citizens to build the city they live with their own hands with simpler and more flexible rules. Here, uncertainty appears as the new normal for urban developments has always been set aside in the formalistic vision of urban planning as a way to achieve permanent, long-run and definite solutions for the future, when reality and social, economic and cultural conditions are already changing even when the urban plan is approved. This idea, underlying in every project outlined in the book, is strongly connected to adaptive urbanism strategies this blog is exploring, introducing temporary interventions as a strategy to cope with this paralyzing effect of too much planning. Most of the projects are based on the Netherlands and include not only abandoned factories or open public spaces subject to interim or temporary uses (sometimes turned permanent). It also focuses on public housing projects, office buildings and new master plans using organic development and strong open schemes (the case of Almere Hout Noord, for example) as new ideals to deal with uncertainty and civic engagement.